object – What is the most general python type to which I can add attributes? – Education Career Blog

I have a class Foo with a method isValid. Then I have a method bar() that receives a Foo object and whose behavior depends on whether it is valid or not.

For testing this, I wanted to pass some object to bar whose isValid method returns always False. For other reasons, I cannot create an object of Foo at the time of testing, so I needed an object to fake it. What I first thought of was creating the most general object and adding the attribute isValid to it, for using it as a Foo. But that didn’t quite work:

>>> foo = object()
>>> foo.isValid = lambda : False
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
AttributeError: 'object' object has no attribute 'isValid'

I found out object doesn’t have a __dict__, so you cannot add attributes to it. At this point, the workaround I am using is creating a type on the fly for this purpose and then creating an object of that type:

>>> tmptype = type('tmptype', (), {'isValid' : lambda self : False})
>>> x = tmptype()
>>> x.isValid()
False

But this seems too long a shot. There must be some readily available general type that I could use for this purpose, but which?

,

you have the right idea but you can make it more general. Either

 tmptype = type('tmptype', (object,) {})

or

 class tmptype(object):
     pass

Then you can just do

foo = tmptype()
foo.is_valid = lambda: False

like you wanted to do with object. This way, you can use the same class for all of your dynamic, monky-patching needs.

,

Just so that the right answer is stated and people don’t have to read all the comments: There is no such type. It has been proposed, discussed, and the idea has been rejected. Here is the link that aaronasterling posted on a comment, where more can be read: http://mail.python.org/pipermail/python-bugs-list/2007-January/036866.html

,

why do you have to have to make it complex? i think the most simple way (and the ‘standard’ way) is to do

class FakeFoo(object):
    def is_valid():
        return False

besides, the use of lambda is not good in this context… take a look at this:
http://python-history.blogspot.com/2009/04/origins-of-pythons-functional-features.html
is by the BDFL

and so on…

Leave a Comment